During growth, particular attention is paid to congenital defects such as malpositioned teeth, undescended testicles, heart defects and also behavioural abnormalities.
After it is fully grown, the animal is normally examined thoroughly once a year when it is given its vaccine booster. Depending on the findings, further diagnostic tests are recommended. These can involve blood pressure measurement, a blood test or an ultrasound scan.
When an animal has reached a certain age, depending on the breed or disease, regular health checks take place at shorter intervals with the aim of preventing diseases from occurring through suitable prophylactic measures such as changes in feed or weight reduction.